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IOP has made many breakthroughs in the fundamental research of physics, e.g. the discoveries of "Weyl fermions in condensed matter", "superconductivity in CrAs and MnP", and "a new class of magnetic Skyrmion materials"”; as well as the “growth of low-dimensional materials”. It plays a leading role in many areas of physics research,  such as superconductors, Weyl Semimetal, 2D Materials, theoretical research of integrable models, plasmonics, carbon nanotubes, metallic plastic materials, soft matter/biophysics, and advanced materials, etc.

IOP also does well in the field of applied physics. It has been granted 1000+ patents since 1998. Some of these patents have been successfully commercialized, with the most successful examples being the lithium ion battery, the LED-related techniques, and a core composite film for magnetic/nonmagnetic/magnetic multilayer thin films and its usage. IOP has also undertaken or participated in the construction of some large-scale scientific facilities.

Since 1978, IOP researchers have won 300+ awards, including 8 physics awards of the Third World Academy of Sciences, 1 National Top Award for Science and Technology, 28 National Awards for Natural Sciences, 24 National Awards for Science and Technology Progress, and 8 National Awards for Technological Inventions.

IOP has nine holding and sharing high-tech companies, and holds Intellectual property shares in seven of them. Founded by CAS in 1978, Beijing Zhong Ke San Huan High-tech Inc. is active in research and manufacturing of magnetic materials and devices. Endowed with the intellectual property of IOP, Suzhou Phylion Battery Co. Ltd. is a leading manufacturer of high capacity lithium ion batteries in China, which obtained an annual operating revenue of 900 million, with a net profit of 90 million in 2016. Established in September 2006, Beijing Tankeblue Semiconductor Co., Ltd got listed in the National SME share transfer system in 2016, with the stock code 870013. Tankeblue has become one of the world's leading manufacturers of silicon carbide wafer, with its products being exported to over 20 countries and areas, including Europe, Japan and the United States.

Sintered Nd-Fe-B permanent magnets     6" semi-insulating 6H-SiC wafers

Hybrid-electric vehicles powered by lithium batteries for the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games